# Maharashtra Board class 7 Syllabus

## MSBSHSE Class 7 Maths Syllabus

• Multiplies/divides 2 integers.
• Interprets Multiplication and division of the fractions For Example Interprets 2/3 X 4/5 as 2/3 of 4/5. Also 1/2 divided by 1/4 is interpreted as how many 1/4 make 1/2?
• Uses algorithm to multiply and divide fractions/decimals
• Solves problem related to daily life situation involving rational numbers.
• Uses exponential form of numbers to simplify problems involving multiplication and division of large numbers.
• Represents daily life situation in the form of a simple equation and solves it
• Distinguish quantities that are in proportion.  For example tells that 15, 45, 40, 120 are in proportion as 15/45 is the same as 40/120.
• Solves problems related to conversion of percentage to fraction and decimal and vice versa
• Classifies pairs of angles based on their properties as linear, supplementary and complementary, adjacent and vertically opposite and find the value of the one when other is given
• Finds unknown angle of a triangle when its two angles are known
• Calculate area of the region enclosed in a rectangle and a square
• Find various representative values for simple data from her his life contexts like mean median and mode
• interprets data using bar graph such as consumption of electricity is more in winter than some, runs scored by a team in first 10 overs at 17
• Construct angle bisector and perpendicular bisector at sides of a triangle and recognize that they are concurrent
• Construct triangle if particular sides and angles are given
• Identifies congruence of angles segments and circles
• Calculate GCD and LCM by using prime factorization
• Identifies the exterior angles of triangle
• Drives the formula for sum of interior angles of polygon
• Calculate the square root of number by prime factorization
• Bridge and reads joint bar graph from the given information
• Uses the properties of proportion in partnership
• Derives the formula for circumference and applies
• Find surface area of cube and cuboid
• Uses the Pythagoras theorem for finding one side of right angled triangle
• Uses formula for expansion of square
• Write the squares of any binomial
• Find the factors of binomial

List of Chapters in class 7 Maths

1. Geometrical Constructions
2. Multiplication and Division of Integers
3. HCF and LCM
4. Angles and Pairs of Angles
5. Operations on Rational Numbers
6. Indices
7. Joint Bar Graph
8. Algebraic Expressions and Operations on Them
9. Direct Proportion and Inverse Proportion
10. Banks and Simple Interest
11. Circle
12. Perimeter and Area
13. Pythagoras Theorem
14. Algebraic Formulae Expansion of Squares
15. Statistics

## MSBSHSE Class 7 Science Syllabus

• Identifies materials and organisms, (such as animal fibres; types of teeth; mirrors and lenses) on the basis of observable features, for example, appearance, texture, functions, etc.
• Differentiates materials and organisms such as digestion in different organisms; unisexual and bisexual flowers; conductors and insulators of heat; acidic, basic and neutral substances, images formed by mirrors and lenses, etc. on the basis of their properties, structure and function.
• Classifies materials and organisms based on properties/characteristics, for example, plant and animal fibres, physical and chemical changes.
• Conduct simple investigations to seek answers to queries, for example, extract of coloured flowers and their uses. Do leaves other than green also carry out photosynthesis? Is white light composed of many colours?
• Relates processes and phenomenon with causes, for example, wind speed with air pressure, crops grown with types of soil, depletion of water table with human activities etc.
• Explains processes and phenomenon, for example, processing of animal fibres, modes of transfer of heat; organs and systems in human and plants, heating and magnetic effects of electric current, etc.
• Write word equation for chemical reactions, for example, acid-base reaction, corrosion, photosynthesis, respiration, etc.
• Measures of calculates, for example, temperature, pulse rate, speed of moving objects, time period of a simple pendulum, etc.
• To understand scientific concepts by using the instruments like microscope, thermosflask, centrifuge.
• To explain the correlation between the measures of various physical quantities.
• Draws labelled diagrams/flow charts, for example, organ systems in human and plants; electric circuits; experimental set ups; life cycle of silk moth, etc.
• Plots and interprets graphs, for example, distance time graph, sound frequency-high and low pitch of sound.
• Constructs models using materials from surroundings and explains their working, for example, stethoscope, anemometer, electromagnets, Newton’s colour disc, bakery food, magnetic needle, etc..
• Discusses and understands the importance of stories of scientific discoveries.
• Applies learning of scientific concepts in day-today life, for example, dealing with acidity; testing and treating soil; taking measures to prevent corrosion; cultivation by vegetative propagation; connecting two or more electric cells in proper order in devices; taking measures during and after disasters; suggesting methods for treatment of polluted water for reuse; uses of magnet, preparation of soap and their uses; separating components from mixture, etc.
• Explains the uses of natural resources by classifying them.
• Makes efforts to protect environment, for example, following good practices for sanitation at public places; minimising generation of pollutants; planting trees; sensitising others with the consequences of excessive consumption of natural resources, etc.
• Exhibits creativity in designing, planning, making use of available resources, etc.
• Exhibits values of honesty, objectivity, cooperation, freedom from fear and prejudices.
• Remains awaken about famine, flood, cloudburst, lightning strikes, storms, etc. in the circumjacent to prevent them, uses the circumventions in day-to-day life.
• Understands the different scientific concepts, process by using different ICT equipments and techniques.
• Makes efforts to remove misconceptions related to zodiac signs and Nakshatra by observing the sky.

List of Chapters Class 7 Science

• The Living World : Adaptations and Classification
• Plants : Structure and Function
• Properties of Natural Resources
• Nutrition in Living Organisms
• Food Safety
• Measurement of Physical Quantities
• Motion, Force and Work
• Static Electricity
• Heat
• Disaster Management
• Cell Structure and Micro-organisms
• The Muscular System and Digestive System in Human Beings
• Changes – Physical and Chemical
• Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
• Materials we Use
• Natural Resources
• Effects of Light
• Sound : Production of Sound
• Properties of a Magnetic Field
• In the World of Stars

## MSBSHSE Class 7 History Syllabus

Sources of History

• Identify the sources of Medieval History of India.
• Classify the sources of history.
• Tell the importance of the sources in writing history.
• Make attempts to preserve the sources of history.

India before the times of Shivaji Maharaj

• Tell the impact of different rulers on the social life of Maharashtra in the period before Shivaji Maharaj.
• Analyse the effects of the events in the Mughal period on Maharashtra.

Maharashtra before the times of Shivaji Maharaj

• Elucidate social life during the period before Shivaji Maharaj.
• Explain the different historical events in the Adilshahi and Nizamshahi period.
• Analyse the social, political and economic conditions in the period before Shivaji Maharaj.

The Foundation of the Swaraj

• Identify the similarity between the teachings of Sants.
• Analyse the situation that led to the foundation of the Swaraj.
• Visit forts/historical monuments and collect information.
• Get information about forts with the help of the internet.
• Make efforts for conserving the historical heritage.
• Recognise the importance of the historical win at Javali.
• Become aware that the associates of Shivaji Maharaj were ready to offer their lives for him

Conflict with the Mughals

• Study the war tactics of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
• Study the conflict between the Marathas and the Mughals critically.
• Analyse and describe the decision making ability and courage of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in times of difficulty.

Coronation of Shivaji Maharaj

• Give reasons behind the coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
• Explain the expansion of Swaraj after the campaign of the South, with the help of a map.

An ideal Ruler

• Explain the administrative system of the welfare State of Swaraj
• Explain the administration and military system of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
• Know the greatness of Shivaji Maharaj in comparison with other contemporary rulers.
• Take inspiration from the biography of Shivaji Maharaj – Make proportionate models of forts.

War of Independence

• Explain the changing policies of the Maratha rule after the death of Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj.
• Become aware of the fact that the Marathas preserved their power in very unfavourable conditions.
• Analyse why Chhatrapati Rajaram Maharaj transferred the capital to Jinji.
• Analyse and review the work done by Maharani Tarabai.

The Peshwa Rule and the Expansion of the Maratha Power

• Explain with the help of the historical events at that time, that the Maratha power became a dominant power at the all India level.
• Analyse the reasons behind the battle of Panipat. – Know about the work done by the Peshwas.
• Tell the importance of the work done by the Maratha Sardars

## MSBSHSE Class 7 Civics Syllabus

Introduction to Our Constitution

• Understand that divergent views were considered in the working of the Constituent Assembly.
• Understand the importance of the contribution of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar in the making of the Constitution.
• Realise that the goal of the Constitution is to bring about a new society based on the values of Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.
• Follow democratic values in his/her behavior

Preamble to the Indian Constitution

• Understand that the values expressed in the Preamble are humanistic.
• Understand the concept of Sovereignty.
• Get acquainted with the idea that in a democracy, political power rests with the people.
• Understand that in a democracy, decisions are taken collectively, through debate and discussion

Salient Features of the Constitution

• Be able to narrate the salient features of the Constitution.
• Tell the characteristics of a democratic form of Government.
• Become familiar with the idea that the Government works on two levels in a federal system.

Fundamental Rights

• Understand that the Fundamental Rights listed in the Constitution have a special judicial protection.
• Be able to tell how the Fundamental Rights are binding upon the governmental institutions at all levels.
• Realise that all individuals are equal in the eyes of the law.
• Develop the attitude of respecting the religious plurality/ diversity in India.
• Know that all minorities can preserve their language, script and literature.
• Learn that no individual can be arrested illegally and detained without reason.

Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties

• Be able to make a list of laws based on the Directive Principles of State Policy.
• Understand that even though the Directive Principles of State Policy do not have judicial protection, the State is morally bound by them.
• Develop respect for national symbols.
• Take initiative for environmental protection.
• Nurture the attitude of respecting the dignity of women.
• Develop scientific temper by removing superstitions.
• Develop an understanding of Indianness.

## MSBSHSE Class 7 Geography Syllabus

• Explains clearly that tilted axis, rotation and revolution of the earth are responsible for formation of seasons.
• Explains the effect of various seasons on the living organisms.
• Identifies that the eclipses are astronomical events/phenomenon on the earth.
• Critically reviews the superstitions related to eclipses.
• Shows sensitivity towards conservation of soil as a natural resource.
• Explains the types of soils in Maharashtra on the basis of maps.
• Explains the effects of air pressure.
• Explains the air pressure of a region with the help of isobars.
• Tells the reasons behind formation of winds.
• Explains the types of winds.
• Explains the effects of winds.
• Explains the effects of the sun, the moon and the earth on the movements of the sea water.
• Tells the various allied activities of agriculture.
• Explains the types of agriculture with examples.
• Explains the importance of marketing system for agriculture.
• Explains the importance of agriculture in human’s life and country’s economy.
• Explains the effects of physical elements on the living organisms.
• Can show the natural regions on the outline map of the world.
• Explains how man has used geographical factors in the formation of human settlements.
• Identifies the patterns of human settlements and their types.
• Draws contours.
• Explains the uses of contour maps.

General Geography

• How Seasons Occur – Part 1
• The Sun, the Moon and the Earth
• How Seasons Occur – Part 2

Physical Geography

• Tides
• Air Pressure
• Winds
• Natural Regions
• Soils

Human Geography

• Agriculture
• Human Settlements
• Contour Maps and Landforms

## MSBSHSE Class 7 English Syllabus

Listening

• Listen attentively in the classroom.
• Understand polite requests, questions and act/respond appropriately.
• Understand announcements and speeches on familiar topics.
• Find specific details/facts/information in/from a speech, dialogue or story.
• Recall specific facts/details/main points after listening to a programme.
• Predict the remaining part of a sentence, the next sentence, etc.
• Think critically about what he/she has heard
• Decide whether it is true or false, relevant/ irrelevant, logical/illogical etc.)
• Draw his/her own inferences from what is presented.
• Note the difficult/unfamiliar bits while listening so as to ask questions later.
• Carry out a complex/long process with the help of oral instructions.

Speaking

• Sing a few songs.
• Present a poem, monologue, etc. effectively using proper intonation.
• Use appropriate body language, gestures and facial expressions while speaking.
• Respond to questions and instructions appropriately and politely.
• Frame polite questions/queries, requests.
• Co-operate with partners during practice sessions/drills.
• Play a part in a play effectively.
• Tell a joke.
• Try to report an incident in some detail.
• Communicate one’s feelings/ emotions appropriately in one or two lines.
• Present information with the help of posters or other visual aids.
• 12 Demonstrate a process/activity clearly.
• Describe things, people, situations, emotions, etc. broadly.
• Create a dialogue/story/skit as a pair/group activity.

• Read familiar words/phrases at a glance. Read different handwritings, scripts, fonts, etc.
• Understand English text seen in the surrounding.
• Read aloud in meaningful chunks (using proper pauses and intonation).
• Follow simple written instructions in a step- by-step manner.
• Read simple passages on familiar topics with comprehension.
• Understand the main points/arguments in a piece of writing, and the storyline in a narration/play, etc.
• Read so as to find specific information.
• Guess the meaning of a word/expression from the context.
• Understand the literal as well as the suggested/ implied meaning.
• Read so as to compare/contrast bits of information.
• Take note of different types of communication such as a public notice, formal/informal letter, personal note, diary entry, essay, blog, reviews.
• Remember a set of written instructions.
• Develop respect for one’s identity as an Indian.

Writing

• Write neatly and legibly (proportion of letters, spaces between words, appropriate strokes above and below the base line, etc.). Use proper punctuation marks.
• Attempt calligraphy and decorative writing.
• Review and if necessary correct his/her own work as a matter of habit.
• Write as directed – one word answers, choosing only one correct option, writing in complete sentences, writing no fewer/more lines than expected, etc.
• Fill forms by writing in appropriate boxes/ columns/ spaces.
• Write/Prepare greeting cards on various occasions.
• Prepare posters on various themes.
• Write informal communications – SMSs, notes, letters, etc.
• Write a conversation/dialogue as a group activity or individually.
• Prepare outlines for an essay, a short note, a story, etc. (Arrange the major and minor
• Points coherently and systematically.)
• Describe a process/the working of a device in a step-by-step and to-the-point manner.
• Report an event/happening using an appropriate format – a news item, a personal observation (diary), etc.
• Describe people, places, objects, landscapes, etc. effectively.
• Attempt creative writing in different forms – stories, poems, skits, dialogues, cartoons, jokes, play lets, etc.
• Use first person/third person appropriately in narratives.
• Be consistent in the use of tense in longer texts.

Study Skills

• Label various diagrams neatly and appropriately.
• Understand how reference materials such as different dictionaries, encyclopedias are organized and use them effectively.
• Understand the organization of graphic presentations.
• Compile lists of useful words, expressions, idioms, definitions, formulas, etc.
• Classify given information using different criteria.
• Transfer verbal information to a graphic format such as a chart, table, graph, flow chart, web, map, etc.
• Write appropriate captions to photographs, pictures, diagrams, etc.
• Make notes for personal references while listening/reading.
• Frame appropriate questions to seek information, guidance, etc.
• Prepare questionnaires to interview people, to take a survey as part of a project.
• Provide English/mother tongue equivalents for certain terms correctly while speaking/writing English.
• Prepare/compile bilingual glossaries, and other study tools.
• Translate different types of informative texts from mother tongue into English and English into mother tongue.
• Translate literary pieces from mother tongue into English and English into mother tongue.
• Find the required information pictures, video clips, films etc. on the computer/internet.
• Handle various forms of digital material
• Understand the features available on a website and use them properly.
• Understand computer etiquettes. (regarding passwords, e-mail, etc.)

Language Study
Be aware of the following concepts to understand how language is used.

Parts of speech :

• Nouns : Types of nouns : countable and uncountable; singular/plural, irregular, common/proper; concrete/abstract
• Verbs : main / auxiliary / transitive and intransitive verbs; time, tense and aspect, singular and plural forms

Sentence structure:

• subject and predicate
• subject, object (direct / indirect)
• subject and verb agreement (person, number)

Vocabulary and word-building:

• root word – prefix – suffix

Punctuation:

• full stop
• comma
• question mark
• exclamation mark
• apostrophe
• Capitalization